Bed bugs are small, brownish insects that feed solely on the blood animals. Although the common bed bugs ( Cimex lectularius) prefer feeding on humans, it will also bite other Warm-blooded animals.
Bed Bugs identification
Adult bed bugs are about 3/16 inch long and reddish-brown, with oval, flattened bodies. Immature bed bugs (nymphs) resemble the adults but are smaller and lighter in color. Bed bugs can crawl rapidly over floors, walls, ceilings and other surfaces.
Adult females lay their eggs in secluded places. The eggs are tiny (about the size of a dust spec), whitish and hard to see without magnification, specially on light-colored materials. At room temperature, bed bugs eggs hatch in about a week. the newly emerged nymphs are straw-colored and no bigger than a pinhead. As they grow, they molt, shedding their skin five times before reaching maturity. A blood meal is needed between each successive molt. Adult females must also periodically feed in order to lay eggs.
Under favorable conditions and a ready supply of blood, the bugs can mature in as little as a month and produce many generations per year.
Bed bugs are resilient. Nymphs and adults can last for months without feeding. This ability is longer at cooler temperatures - potentially up to a year or longer at 55 degrees or less.
When infested dwellings such as apartments are vacant, bed bugs often disperse to nearby units or reduce their activity until the unit is reoccupied.
Bed bugs are active mainly at night. During the day, they prefer to hide in close proximity to their feeding area, but if necessary, will crawl longer distances in search of a meal. Normally, they concentrate around the beds, sofas, and other sleeping and resting areas, but if infestations are allowed to persist, they may disperse elsewhere.
Bed Bugs Infestations
Bed bugs are efficient hitchhikers and are easily transported into dwellings on luggage, clothing, beds, furniture and belongings. They are small and agile, avoiding detection by crawling into concealed locations. Acquiring second hand furnitures and beds is also another way they can be transported. the bugs can also be inadvertently carried in on one's clothing, shoes, wheelchair, etc.
once introduced, they can crawl from room to room, or floor to floor via cracks and openings in walls, floors and ceilings.
There is often no relationship between bed bugs and cleanliness.
Bed bugs are challenging to eradicate. since they are able to hide in so many places, a thorough inspection, performed by an experienced professional, that knows where and what to look for, is the key for a successful eradication.
At first call pest solutions, our technicians perform a very careful bed bug inspection, and always recommend our customers with the best treatment possible, for complete and successful elimination, and the best prevention strategies as well.